Basenji vs German Shepherd  What’s The Difference

The majority of individuals maintain pets in their homes simply to have a constant companion. Many of them would accept any animal as a pet, including dogs, cats, birds, snakes, and so on. 

Dogs are the most popular and widely accepted pets. The main qualities of these creatures are that they are loyal and obedient to their owners and human family members. Canines are available in a wide range of breeds all around the world. Two of them are the Basenji and the German Shepherd. 

It is vital that we know every aspect of these two breeds because not all dogs are the same. Some stand out for their personality and demeanor, while others for their physical appearance and size. 

The Basenji, a dog that originated in Africa, is one of the world’s oldest dogs. It’s known for being a tiny, graceful, and athletic dog. This breed of dog is recognized for being curious, independent, active, playful, mischievous, and affectionate, particularly with their owners and human family members.

With kids, strangers, and other animals, however, they are a little more hesitant. In fact, for families with young children, they might not be the greatest option. 

The German Shepherd is a dog that is noted for its devotion to its family, particularly its owners. They are known for being hardworking dogs with the ability to accomplish a variety of tasks.

As a result, many people utilize them as police dogs, herding dogs, and so on. They are one of the breeds with the highest levels of bravery and courage without resorting to aggression. They are simple to train, owing to the use of positive reinforcement. 

Basenji vs. German Shepherd Comparison Table 

 Basenji German Shepherd 
Origin Country Democratic Republic of the Congo Germany 
Size Small Large 
Height 38 cm – 43 cm 55 cm – 65 cm 
Weight 20 kg – 32 kg 22 kg –  40 kg 
Lifespan 10 – 14 years 9 – 13 years 
Energy Level High High 
Coat Types Single Coat Double Coat 
Coat Texture Fine and Short Straight 
Coat Color White, Brindle, Red, Black, Tan Silver, Red, Tan, Black  
Hypoallergenic No No 
Grooming Minimal Moderate 
Temperament Affectionate, Alert, Intelligent,  Curious, Playful, Energetic Alert, Watchful, Obedient, Courageous, Intelligent, Curious, Confident, Loyal 
Shedding Level Low High 
Health Problems Kidney or Bowel Problems, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Obesity Allergies, Heart Disease, Cancer, Blindness, Hip Dysplasia, Bloat, Digestive Problems, Cataracts, Diabetes, Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), Elbow Dysplasia, Hemophilia A, Hemophilia B, Retinal Dysplasia, etc. 

Basenji History 

Originating in Africa, Europeans were the first to describe the breed of dog that gave birth to the Basenji in the Congo in 1895. These puppies were prized by the locals for their intelligence, fearlessness, agility, and silence, and Europeans identified them as a distinct breed and named them Basenji. 

Several attempts were made to bring the breed to England, but the initial imports died of illness. Lady Helen Nutting, for example, purchased six Basenjis from Sudan in 1923, but all six died in quarantine due to distemper vaccines. Henry Trefflich, an animal importer, was the first to successfully develop foundation stock in England and then the United States in the 1930s. 

Almost all Basenjis in the Western world are thought to be descendants of these few early arrivals. The American Kennel Club (AKC) first recognized the breed in 1943. In 1990, the AKC breed register was reopened to 14 new imports at the request of the Basenji Club of America. 

The breed registry was reopened to selected imported canines from January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013. In 2010, the United States led an expedition to collect breeding stock in the Basankusu region of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Basenjis are also registered with the United Kennel Club (UKC). 

German Shepherd History

As the name implies, the German Shepherd originated in Germany in the late 1800s. It was developed by the crossbreeding of Germany’s most intelligent, attentive, and obedient indigenous shepherd dogs. This species was responsible for herding sheep and protecting flocks from predators. They were considered agricultural servants rather than pets or friends. 

They were ideal sheepherders because of their intellect, agility, power, and a good sense of smell. Despite the fact that German Shepherds were largely regarded workers rather than domestic pets, farmers provided food, security, and lodging to them. 

The German Shepherd had attained enormous appeal in Germany by the onset of World War I and had quickly spread to other parts of the globe. German Shepherds were adored for their bold and loyal attitude. 

Due to the canine’s image for being courageous and trainable, German Shepherds were accepted as guard dogs and sight dogs for the blind. Because of its excellent sense of smell and fearless nature, the German Shepherd was an ideal police dog. Their tolerance and awareness of what is going on around them have earned them the title of blind leader. 

Basenji Physical Characteristics 

The Basenji is a small-sized dog that ranges in size from 41 to 43 cm for males and 38 to 41 cm for females. Males weigh about 25 and 32 kilograms, while females weigh between 20 and 27 kilograms. 

Basenjis have an athletic and graceful build. It has a medium-sized head that gets smaller as it gets closer to the snout. This canine has a short, level back and a large chest.

It has a short, dense, fine, and shiny coat that can be black, white, red and white, black and red, brindle, or multicolored (black, white, and red). The almond-shaped eyes of this dog are dark in hue and almond-shaped. It has short, pointy ears that are erect. 

German Shepherd Physical Characteristics 

In the case of a German Shepherd, it is a large-sized canine that can measure between 60 cm and 65 cm in males while females are between 55 cm and 60 cm. This breed’s male weighs between 30 kg and 40 kg while the female between 22 kg and 32 kg. 

The big body and wide head of the German Shepherd are two of its most noticeable physical characteristics. The dog has medium-sized, upright, pointed ears that give it a wolf appearance. The black eyes, situated obliquely on the head, exude assurance and confidence. It should also be noted that it has powerful teeth that allow it to make a hard and violent scissor bite. 

The German Shepherd has a double coat made up of a thick undercoat and a dense outer layer, which is slightly wavy or straight. Its fur is moderate in length and sheds all year. Its color is usually tan and black, or red and black. Black, white, liver, and blue are other uncommon color variants. 

Basenji Personality and Behavior 

The Basenji is dedicated and compassionate to its owners or human family members, but it has a difficult time getting along with strangers. It is also not a dog that should be kept in a household with small children and pets. That is because this breed was bred to hunt, and its hunting instinct could show up at any time. If you start socialization training with your puppy at a young age, it will be able to get along with children and other animals. 

It should be noted that a Basenji can become destructive if left alone for an extended period. The same is true if you do not give them enough exercise daily, since they will rapidly become bored. It’s important to keep in mind that these dogs are playful, mischievous, and stubborn, so you’ll need to properly educate them to prevent these situations. 

Basenjis are an excellent choice for new dog owners. These dogs can live contentedly in houses, apartments, fields, or other areas with their owners. 

The Basenji is one of the rare dog breeds that do not bark. However, this does not imply that it is a dumb dog. It also has the ability to make sounds that aren’t generally loud. It’s a dog that’s usually calm and quiet, making it perfect for individuals or families living in apartments. 

German Shepherd Personality and Behavior 

The temperament of the German Shepherd is calm, assertive, and trustworthy. Because of their strong defensive instincts and fearlessness, these dogs are among the most popular guard and protection breeds. 

While extremely loyal and protective of its home and family, the German Shepherd is wary and distant with strangers. The German Shepherd is not a violent dog by nature, despite its predisposition to being cautious of strangers. 

Because no dog’s personality is determined solely by its genes, the socialization of a German Shepherd puppy is essential to prevent future difficulties. The German Shepherd is an easy-to-train dog that responds well to a variety of training methods. When trained with the positive reinforcement method, on the other hand, it reaches its full potential. 

Basenji vs. German Shepherd Life Expectancy 

The Basenji has a life expectancy that can vary between 10 and 14 years. In the case of a German Shepherd, it can live between 9 and 13 years. It should be noted that the time that either of these two canines can live will depend on food, care, and quality of life in general.